Centrist, Democratic
and Republican Primes

Tascino "Cino" Hilliard developed
the idea of Centrist, Democratic and Republican primes. They are listed in the Online Encyclopedia of
Integers Sequences as sequences A125525, A125523, and A125524 and were added to
the collection in 2007. (see http://www.oeis.org). With mid-term elections coming up I thought I
would address these (even though they won’t effect the elections).

If you take a prime number and divide it in
half (left and right halves, ignoring the middle digit if it has an odd number
of digits), and you find that the left half of the number is prime, and the
right half is not prime – then we call that Democratic prime. Example: 29 is a prime number. When we separate it into the left and right
halves, we get 2 and 9. The 2 on the
left is a prime number, but the 9 on the right is not a prime number, so 29
fits the definition of a Democratic prime.

If you take a prime number and divide it in
half (left and right halves, ignoring the middle digit if it has an odd number
of digits), and you find that the left half of the number is not prime, but the
right half is prime – then we call that Republican prime. Example: 13 is a prime number. When I separate the left and right halves I
get 1 and 3. 1 (the number on the left)
is not prime, but 3 (the number on the right) is prime. So 13 fits the definition of a Republican
prime.

If you take a prime number and divide it in
half (left and right halves, ignoring the middle digit if it has an odd number
of digits), and you find that the left half and the right half of the number
are both prime, – then we call that Centrist prime. Example: 23 is a prime number. When I separate the left and right halves I
get 2 and 3. Since both 2 and 3 are
prime numbers, 23 is considered a Centrist prime.

As I mentioned before, 13 is a Republican
prime. Well, let me be more
specific. 13 is a Republican prime when
it is written in base 10 (or decimal) as it is here. If I write 13 as a base 2 (also known as
binary). 13 = 1101

_{2}(The 2 written in subscript indicates that the number 1101 is written in base 2) If I separate the left half and the right half I get 11_{2}and 01_{2}. 11_{2}= 3 in decimal, and 01_{2}= 1 in decimal. 3 is a prime number and 1 is not a prime number. So when 13 is written in base 2 it changes from a Republican prime to a Democratic prime.
When 13 is written in base 5 it becomes 23

_{5}. So when I separate them into the left and right halves I get 2_{5}and 3_{5}. Both of these are prime, so 13 is a Centrist prime when written in base 5.
So it seams that that Centrist, Democratic
and Republican primes can change depending on what base they are written in.

As with many mathematicians, the next thing
that came to my mind was “What is the biggest political prime that I could
find?”

666 * 10

^{46,396 }+ 7. Written out this number is 666 followed by 46, 394 zeros with a 7 on the end. This number is a Republican prime, a Beastly prime, and a Naughty prime.
If I could time-travel, I could go even
larger. But I will wait until later to
explain.

REFERENCES:

David

## No comments:

## Post a Comment